Toothache Remedies: Toothache is a very common situation in dentistry all over the world. Toothache is an unpleasant emotional experience. Pain is triggered by exposure to a stimulus and then spreads through the central nervous system.
It is more or less uncomfortable, a sensation of distress and pain. Toothache can be caused by dental disease, tooth decay or tooth trauma.
Dental treatment has two phases, the first is to diagnose the cause and the second is to treat it. A toothache usually resolves in 2-3 days with proper dental hygiene and treatment and medication. Read more
Causes of Toothache
There are many causes of tooth pain, such as pain due to cavities, trauma, tooth enamel erosion, tooth grinding, tooth abscess, tooth sensitivity, cracked tooth, damaged filling, and gum disease. It is recommended that you consult a doctor to find out the real cause of your toothache without self-diagnosis.
- Pulpal toothache
This pain occurs when the pulpal tissue is exposed to saliva or air. This is due to deep caries, decay, cracking or splitting of the tooth. Pulpal toothache pain can be short-lived, such as with hypersensitivity to sweets, hot or cold, or can be excruciatingly sharp pain
- Periodontal toothache
Trauma around the teeth is the main cause of toothache. This can lead to trauma, occlusal pressure, friction with adjacent teeth. Other causes are dental treatments such as tooth cleaning, tooth interference, high fillings or deep fillings, gaps inside the tooth contact area, etc.
Infection of the surrounding area of the tooth or direct swelling of the adjacent tooth, sinus cavity and diffuse bone infection. Bruxism or night biting or clenching is thought to be the cause when multiple teeth are found to be affected in periodontal toothache.
Excessive stress on the posterior teeth can cause bony deformation and changes in T-M-J’s due to decay. The T-M-J are the temporomandibular joints that connect the lower jaw to the rest of the face. Trauma to TMJ can also cause toothache.
- Cracked teeth
Cracks can penetrate all layers of the tooth. The layers are enamel, dentin or pulp. Symptoms may also vary accordingly.
The dentin contains the dentinal tubules, and the movement of the fluid inside them can cause tooth pain to vary. When we chew food with our teeth, pressure is created, causing fluid to move.
Toothache Remedies: Treatment Of Toothache
Treatment of toothache depends on the diagnosis. After identifying the cause of the toothache, the dentist follows these procedures:
- Removal of pus: The dentist will remove the pus and the juice.
- Direct pulp capping: Relaxation usually involves application of a calcium solution to allow the pulp to recover. Generally iodoform calcium paste is used for this purpose.
- Root Canal Treatment: This is a very common and well-known procedure. In a root canal treatment or RCT procedure, the damaged and infected pulp is removed and a gutta-percha cone is inserted into the pulp cavity. Once the hole is filled, it is capped. Currently, this is the best method of tooth preservation and dentists use this method.
- Tooth Extraction: Tooth extraction is the least preferred treatment. According to dentists, tooth extraction should be considered only when all other treatments to save the tooth have failed. Every part of the human body has its own importance. Therefore, follow oral hygiene rules. If the tooth has to be removed, don’t worry. With modern dental procedures, tooth extraction is very easy and painless.
- Medicines: If the toothache does not go away, pain-killers are given. Such as diclofenac sodium (Divon), ibuprofen, etc. Antibiotics like amoxicillin and augmentin are given in some cases.
- Surgery: In some cases gingivectomy and gingivoplasty, flap surgery and graft placement are required.
Prevention Of Toothache
Toothache can be prevented if dental caries, pulpal, periodontal disease, etc. can be reduced. You can prevent toothache if you follow the following tips:
- Limit the amount of sucrose (sugar) in your daily diet.
- Reduce the time between light and heavy meals.
- Brush your teeth twice a day.
- Use an antibacterial mouthwash such as chlorhexidine.
- Use fluoride-containing toothpaste and gel.
- Eat protein-rich foods.
- Chew food thoroughly before swallowing.
- Use sugar-free chewing gum.
- Smooth the tooth surface.
- Fill all cavities.
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- Perth Children’s Hospital, Government of Western Australia, Department of Health [Internet] Dental – Toothache
- Tara Renton. Dental (Odontogenic) Pain. Rev Pain. 2011 Mar; 5(1): 2–7. PMID: 26527224